The Victorian age was arguably the first time people, upper class, were steeped in the wonders of nature.
Anybody who could filled their homes with displays of the new and previously unknown wonders of the New World. Wallace, co-discoverer with Darwin of the Theory of Evolution, spent years of his life traipsing thru the Amazonian jungle collecting specimens to sell and thus support his work. The indiscriminate collecting of specimens for collections back in England, reduced, and in some cases wiped out whole species of insects. Butterflies were especially prized for beauty and ease of display in the parlors of well to do Victorians.